The Fourteenth of July

By Pablo Picasso SKU:190199

Pablo Picasso's painting ""The Fourteenth of July,"" created in 1937, holds immense significance as it captures the horrors of the Spanish Civil War. Depicting the brutal bombing of the town of Guernica, the artwork conveys the artist's protest against violence and suffering. Picasso's masterful use of monochromatic tones and distorted figures intensifies the emotional impact, making it a powerful anti-war symbol. This iconic artwork stands as a timeless reminder of the consequences of conflict and the artist's unwavering commitment to using art as a means of social commentary and activism.

38 cm

Please note: by default the aspect ratio of the original artwork is used.

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Total € 195

Title: “”Pablo Picasso’s Masterpiece: The Fourteenth of July (1937)””

Year Painted: 1937

Pablo Picasso’s iconic painting, “”The Fourteenth of July,”” created in 1937, stands as a poignant portrayal of the horrors of the Spanish Civil War. This powerful artwork has become a symbol of anti-war sentiment and remains one of Picasso’s most celebrated masterpieces.

In 1936, Spain was engulfed in a devastating civil war between the Republicans and Nationalists. The small town of Guernica in the Basque Country suffered a brutal aerial bombing by the German Luftwaffe, supporting the Nationalists, on April 26, 1937. The tragic event left hundreds of civilians dead and the town in ruins. Deeply moved by the senseless violence and suffering, Picasso embarked on creating a painting that would denounce war and express the pain and anguish of the innocent victims.

“”The Fourteenth of July”” is a large-scale, monochromatic artwork, measuring over 11 feet in height and 25 feet in width. Picasso chose to use black, white, and shades of gray, giving the painting a stark and haunting quality. The composition features a chaotic scene with distorted and anguished figures, animals, and buildings, alluding to the chaos and destruction of the bombing. A bull, symbolizing Spain’s national identity, and a weeping woman holding a dead child add to the emotional depth of the painting.

The artwork’s title, “”The Fourteenth of July,”” refers to the date of the French National Day (Bastille Day). However, some art historians believe that Picasso used this title to express solidarity with the Spanish Republican cause, as it fell during the Spanish Civil War. The painting’s somber atmosphere and the emotional intensity behind its creation embody Picasso’s deep compassion for the suffering of innocent civilians caught in the crossfire of war.

“”The Fourteenth of July”” was unveiled at the 1937 World’s Fair in Paris and garnered immediate attention. The painting toured various countries, raising awareness about the Spanish Civil War and the plight of its people. Today, it is housed in the Museo Reina Sofía in Madrid, where it continues to captivate visitors with its profound message.

This masterpiece’s significance lies not only in its artistic brilliance but also in its impact as a rallying cry against violence and oppression. “”The Fourteenth of July”” has become an enduring symbol of the horrors of war and the enduring power of art to convey social and political messages. It remains a testament to Picasso’s unwavering commitment to using his art as a tool for raising consciousness and advocating for peace and justice in the world.

Original size:
62.9 x 48 cm (width x height)
Art styles:
Minimal order width:
50 cm
Maximum order width:
183 cm

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